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Uganda Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2003 unless stated otherwise.


Area 236,040 sq km
Capital Kampala
Currency Ugandan shilling
Population (2002) 23,395,000
Population Growth Rate 2.96%
Birth Rate 46.57 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 16.95 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 87.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 44.88 years
Ethnic Groups Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
Religions Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
Languages English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Literacy 69.9%
GNI per capita* (2002) $250
Population Below Poverty Line 35%
Industries sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement
Debt - external (1998) $3.9 billion
* Gross National Income in United States dollars per citizen.