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Sri Lanka Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2003 unless stated otherwise.


Area 65,610 sq km
Capital Colombo
Currency Sri Lankan rupee
Population (2002) 18,968,000
Population Growth Rate 0.83%
Birth Rate 16.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 6.46 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 15.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 72.62 years
Ethnic Groups Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
Religions Buddhist 70%, Hindu 15%, Christian 8%, Muslim 7%
Languages Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8% (note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population)
Literacy 92.3%
GNI per capita* (2002) $840
Population Below Poverty Line 22%
Industries rubber processing, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco
Debt - external (1998) $8.5 billion
* Gross National Income in United States dollars per citizen.