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Somalia Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2003 unless stated otherwise.


Area 637,657 sq km
Capital Mogadishu
Currency Somali shilling
Population (2002) 9,391,000
Population Growth Rate 3.43%
Birth Rate 46.42 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 17.64 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 120.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 47.34 years
Ethnic Groups Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Religions Sunni Muslim
Languages Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
Literacy 37.8%
GNP* $4.1 billion
Population Below Poverty Line ?
Industries a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, petroleum refining (mostly shut down), wireless communication
Debt - external (1998) $2.6 billion
* Gross Domestic Product, or value of all final goods and services produced within the nation. GDP estimates are stated in purchasing power parity (PPP), a standardised international dollar price.