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Conflict in Somalia
people were soon ruled within four different areas by Britain, France, Italy and
Ethiopia. Somalis achieved independence from Italy and Britain in 1960 and formed
the Somali Republic.
In October 1969, the Somali president was assassinated and a military coup put
Major General Mohammed Siad Barre in power. Siad Barre wanted all Somalis to be
part of Somalia. This led to a war with Ethiopia over the disputed area of Ogaden
in 1977, but Somalia lost the war.
In the late 1980s, clans in Somalia began to fight with the army, in an attempt to overthrow Siad Barre's regime. A destructive civil war began in 1990, focused on the capital of Mogadishu, which was the scene of intense fighting.
1991 the United Somali Congress and the Somali Patriotic Movement succeeded in
ousting Siad Barre. The civil war left more than 8000 people dead and hundreds
of thousands of refugees.
In 1993, the United Nations began a humanitarian effort in Somalia to alleviate famine conditions, but had to withdraw two years later because of attacks by warlords.
Today, numerous warlords and factions are still fighting for control of Mogadishu
and some other regions. There is still no national government in Somalia.