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Rwanda Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2002 unless stated otherwise.


Area 26,338 sq km
Capital Kigali
Currency Rwandan franc
Population (2002) 8,163,000
Population Growth Rate 1.84%
Birth Rate 40.1 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 21.72 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 102.61 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 39.33 years
Ethnic Groups Hutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Religions Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7%
Languages Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centres
Literacy 70.4%
GNI per capita* (2002) $230
Population Below Poverty Line 60%
Industries cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes
Debt - external (1998) $1.2 billion
* Gross National Income in United States dollars per citizen.