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Iraq Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2003 unless stated otherwise


Area 437,072 sq km
Capital Baghdad
Currency Iraqi dinar
Population (2002) 24,256,000
Population Growth Rate 2.78%
Birth Rate 33.66 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 5.84 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 55.16 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 67.81 years
Ethnic Groups Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
Religions Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
Languages Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
Literacy 40.4%
GNP $58 billion
Population Below Poverty Line ?
Industries petroleum, chemicals, textiles, construction materials, food processing
Debt - external (2001) $120 billion
* Gross Domestic Product, or value of all final goods and services produced within the nation. GDP estimates are stated in purchasing power parity (PPP), a standardised international dollar price.