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Democratic Republic of Congo Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2003 unless stated otherwise


Area 2,345,410 sq km
Capital Kinshasa
Currency Congolese franc
Population (2002) 53,797,000
Population Growth Rate 2.9%
Birth Rate 45.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 14.87 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 96.56 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 48.93 years
Ethnic Groups over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Religions Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
Languages French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Literacy 65.5%
GNI per capita* (2002) $90
Population Below Poverty Line ?
Industries mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement
Debt - external (1998) $12.9 billion
* Gross National Income in United States dollars per citizen.