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Colombia Country Profile
Note: All figures are 2003 unless stated otherwise


Area 11,138,910 sq km
Capital Bogota
Currency Colombian peso
Population (2002) 43,745,000
Population Growth Rate 1.56%
Birth Rate 21.59 births/1,000 population
Death Rate 5.63 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate 22.47 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy at Birth 71.14 years
Ethnic Groups mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Religions Roman Catholic 90%
Languages Spanish
Literacy 92.5%
GNI per capita* (2002) $1,830
Population Below Poverty Line 55%
Industries textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Debt - external (1998) $33 billion
* Gross National Income in United States dollars per citizen.