Facing conflict: what are the alternatives?
situations like war many people choose to withdraw and leave their homes to
find refuge in a place they think is safer. People who find refuge in another
country are called refugees. Those who find refuge within the borders of their
own country are called internally displaced people (IDPs).
The choice to withdraw is often not really a choice at all but rather people
are forced to flee their homes out of fear for their lives or their freedom.
War is one of the five main reasons why people become refugees. The other four
Environment - people are forced to flee from flood, fire or drought,
sometimes due to natural causes and sometimes created by people.
Politics - dictatorships and state repression threaten opposition groups,
trade unions, other groups who do not agree with them.
Persecution - repression puts people in danger because of their race,
religion, gender or sexuality.
Economics - people leave their countries because they are poor and hope
for a better life elsewhere.