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Throughout history there have been individuals who have worked to resolve conflict
and bring about change using peaceful methods. These people make excellent role
models and prove that peacemaking can and does work. Here's three examples.
Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948)
As a young Hindu lawyer newly arrived in South Africa from India, Mohandas Gandhi
was shocked to be treated as a member of an inferior race. He led a 20-year
struggle to demand civil rights for Indian immigrants, using a policy of passive
resistance - that is, non-violent civil disobedience. He called the policy Satyagraha,
or 'truth and firmness'. When in 1914 the South African Government finally agreed
to many of his demands, Gandhi returned to India, where he soon began a similar
campaign to end British colonial rule. By the Indian practice of non-violence,
he believed the British would eventually consider violence useless and would
leave India. Dressed in the loin cloth and shawl of the poorest Indians, he
became a symbol of a free India, and was given the title Mahatma, or 'great
Whina Cooper (1895-1994)
Dame Whina Cooper was a Maori leader of the Northern Hokianga area. In 1975,
at the age of 80, she brought Maori land rights concerns to the public attention
by leading a land march from North Cape to Parliament in Wellington. Throughout
her life she argued for understanding between Maori and
Pakeha, believing that Maori concerns should be aired peacefully, and that the
two peoples should live together as one nation.
Martin Luther King (1929-1968)
Martin Luther King was an African-American civil Rights leader who worked for
better conditions for his people using non-violent methods. He did much to end
segregation in the USA. In his famous 'I have a dream' speech, he outlined his
vision that 'one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and
the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table
||Design a certificate
for outstanding peacemaking
- Design a certificate for Outstanding Peacemaking.
- Choose a famous peacemaker that you would like to present a certificate
- Find out about your peacemaker so you have enough details for the
- Fill in the certificate with these details.
- Write a brief covering letter to go with the certificate to your peacemaker
outlining why you have awarded them this certificate.
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